6 essential information on organ donation
According to the Agency for Biomedicine, 24,791 people have been waiting for an organ during the year 2018. But only 5,781 of them were grafted. Saturday, June 22, 2019 will be the National Day of Reflection on Organ Donation and Transplantation. The opportunity to take stock of organ transplantation in France.
How to become a donor?
Now, unless we stipulate it, we are all donor of organs to allow patients in need to benefit from a transplant. But this donation operation raises many questions, which is why on the occasion of the national day of reflection on the organ donation, the Biomedicine Agency has listed on its website the most asked questions.
Can I choose which organs I do not want to give?
If organ donation is above all a gesture of solidarity and altruism, it is possible to choose the organs and tissues that one wishes to give. For this, the biomedicine agency advises to register on the national register of refusals and to mention the organs and tissues that we do not want to be collected. " It is also possible to express your opposition to the removal of certain organs or tissues in writing on a document that you can entrust to one of your relatives ", adds the agency.
Can minor children be donors?
Yes. However, in France, the law states that if the deceased person was a minor, organ and tissue donation can only take place if " each of the holders of parental authority or the guardian consents in writing ".
What are the conditions for giving while alive?
The biomedical agency is formal: to donate while alive, " the medical conditions to be met are very strict The donation candidate is subject to a complete medical follow-up that includes clinical, radiological and biological examinations to ensure that it is compatible with the person who will be transplanted and see if there is any risk to the transplant. the donor and the recipient Kidney donation is the most widespread, since the conditions of this donation are defined by the law of bioethics of July 7, 2011 which aims to widen the circle of living donors to the whole family and not only to the father and to the mother, and to a lesser extent, it is possible in her lifetime to donate a liver lobe.
Can the donor family know who the transplant patients will be and contact them?
Organ and tissue donation is anonymous, both in relation to the identity of the donor and the recipient. Thus, the donor family can not know who the transplant patients are. On the other hand, the biomedicine agency recalls that it is possible for the family to be informed by the hospital coordination of the sample that has taken it, the organs and tissues taken and whether the transplants have been successful.
The recipient can not either know the identity of his donor or his family, but can also send a letter anonymously via the hospital sampling coordinates, to the family of the donor.
Can my donor card replace the word of my loved ones?
" The donor card is a testament to your commitment to organ and tissue donation after your death "But the card has no legal value and is rarely found in a death." Before considering the removal of organs and tissues, medical teams check whether the deceased is not registered on the national register of refusals. If this is not the case, a check is made with relatives to know if he has not formulated during his lifetime a written or oral opposition to the donation.
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