Conjunctivitis, allergies: 8 good reflexes to look after your eyes
The eyes, although protected by the eyelids, remain very vulnerable. An aggressor - microbe, virus or solid body - suffices to pass the lacrimal barrier that cleans and nourishes the cornea. This one is then attacked. " That is why it is important to react quickly, discerning the classic bobo of a real emergency ", advises Dr. François Pelen, ophthalmologist in Paris, he explains us the good gestures to apply on a case by case basis.
I hurt myself
Among the many patients who consult an ophthalmologist, 10% are victims of an accident. In most cases, it is the contact with a foreign body: a branch, an object, a particle in the air.
The good gesture: Do not instill anything in the eye, not even water, to avoid aggravating a possible injury. Then go to the pharmacist who verifies that no foreign body has remained and offers antiseptic drops. The eye heals in a few days. A consultation with the ophthalmologist is necessary if we see blur.
I have a blood stain
This disorder panics and yet it does not matter. This is a broken ship. A small hematoma is formed that, like the skin, will turn blue and yellow before disappearing.
The good gesture: Nothing in the immediate future. But check if this incident is repeated frequently. It may be a blood clotting disorder.
I have a puffy eye in the morning
Most often, this phenomenon is due to too much or not enough sleep, an excessive intake of alcohol, a meal too rich and too fat, an allergic reaction ... A liquid accumulates around the eyes during the night and the lying position does not facilitate the elimination.
The good gesture: To reduce swelling, soak a compress in an infusion of chamomile decongestant virtues or, better, a very concentrated tea because its tannins relieve edema. Leave on for a few minutes. You can also use an ice cube wrapped in a clean handkerchief. Sleep the bust and the head slightly raised, this allows the fluids to better evacuate. In case of pain in the eye, the doctor may prescribe antiseptic eye drops, or sometimes a local antibiotic.
Note: If the disorder occurs every morning, it may be due to poor occlusion of the eyelids at night. " During sleep, we do not blink. If the eyelids remain ajar, the cornea is no longer irrigated, it dries out. In the morning, blinking can be a bit painful. The risk is to develop inflammation of the cornea (keratitis) "recalls Dr. Pelen.
I have red eyes
If the eye itches, it is an irritation, most often of allergic origin. Makeup (especially iridescent colors) can crumble into fine particles that enter the eye. Think also about eye creams whose active ingredients, via the vessels, are found in the tear film. If, in addition, you have the sensation of grains of sand, it may be conjunctivitis due to an allergy to pollens, cat's hair, mites or a makeup component.
The good gesture: The most radical way to heal is to remove any sources of irritation or allergy. To drain any allergenic particles (makeup products, pollen), rinse the eye several times a day with saline. Ask the pharmacist for an antiallergic medicine (no prescription) in drops and tablets to take in the evening, at bedtime. If the disorder does not improve quickly, consult. It may be uveitis.
My eyelid is stuck
A conjunctivitis is due to a microbe. Other signs come to testify to the infection: small yellow balls of pus at the inner corner of the eye, filaments between the lower and upper eyelids ...
The good gesture: Peel off and clean the eyelids with a compress of warm water. Then, consult the doctor who will prescribe an antibiotic ointment or eye drops. Attention, the affection is very contagious. Avoid touching your eyes, getting too close to others. Wash your hands frequently. Do not share your towels.
I see little flies
In fact, it is small black spots. If they occur suddenly, it may be a blood pressure surge that is worthy of quick reference. But most often, they appear gradually, do not disappear, and follow the eye. These "floating bodies" are the result of a vitreous detachment, a gelatinous substance located between the crystalline lens and the retina. The age-related disorder occurs between 40 and 60 years of age most often.
The good gesture: Until now, there was no treatment against floating bodies. On the other hand, we know that the brain plays a big role. Do not be fooled by these flies. Try to forget them, and they will be much less embarrassing because the brain learns to annihilate them. " If these floating bodies are big and misplaced in the visual axis, there is now a method still unconventional to destroy the most troublesome thanks to new laser Yag ", says Dr. Francois Pelen.
I see flashes
Lightning flashes such as a camera flash are sometimes a sign of a detached glazed body. The flash corresponds to a traction of the vitreous body on the retina.
The good gesture: Go to the emergency room because a tear in the retina can occur with a risk of loss of irreversible vision. A laser session will consolidate the area.
My vision is opaque
The colors are less vivid, the vision less clear? Your lens (the lens of the eye between the cornea and the retina) has become opaque. Almost everyone, with age, is subject to this slight handicap.
The good gesture: no need to have your glasses adjusted. On the other hand, with your ophthalmologist, you can consider the operation that allows to replace the defective lens with an artificial lens. The intervention is now banal and the results excellent.
Read also :
⋙ Visual fatigue: 8 tips to relieve your eyes in the office
⋙ Orgelet: 8 effective treatments to make it disappear
⋙ What if I have conjunctivitis?