Health : Frequent hiccups: causes and remedies
Having hiccups is really annoying. But what if it's persistent? Causes and remedies to try next time when you have hiccups.
To have the hiccups ? Oke.
The three most common types of hiccups are classified by their duration. There are three types of hiccups: mild, persistent and refractory. Mild hiccups are the most common and most hitting people. For its part, hiccups said the persistent has a duration of 48 hours or more. And the refractory hiccups can last for months or even years (lol!).
Hiccups represent an uncontrollable spasmodic contraction of the diaphragm. To understand how to treat hiccups, you must first know its causes. Some of the most common reasons for hiccups are:
- eat too fast,
- eat or drink too much
- diseases that irritate the nerves that control the diaphragm,
- abdominal surgery,
- brain tumors,
- breathe harmful fumes
- certain medications.
Most of the time, hiccups were caused by a large meal or a drunken evening. Consumption of certain foods can also be the reason for hiccups, such as carbonated drinks, beer and alcohol. We also admit that regular smokers are more affected by hiccups.
It affects men more often than women, lasts a few seconds to a few minutes and can return several times a day.
Did you know there is a hiccup center? Yes, that’s absolutely true. This center is located between the third and fifth cervical vertebra. When these nerves are stimulated, you get hiccups. Usually, hiccups go away quickly. In most cases, it only lasts a few minutes. If your hiccups last longer than 48 hours, you should definitely make an appointment with their doctor as this can signal other health problems.
How to get rid of hiccups?
Having hiccups is unpleasant and sometimes annoying. Fortunately there are a few simple techniques to get rid of it quickly. To stop hiccups, there are a few possibilities:
- increase CO2 in the lungs
- compress the diaphragm
- stimulate the palate or uvula
- provoke a strong emotion
There are several proven methods to stop hiccups that can be used. They are intended either to divert the brain's attention from the processes by which it regulates hiccups, or to directly stimulate the vagus nerve, the direct responder to acute contractions of the diaphragm.
Increase carbon dioxide (CO2) in the lungs
To reduce hiccups, increase CO2 (carbon dioxide) in the lungs. That’s why you have to breathe deeply, hold your breath as long as possible and breathe out slowly. If it doesn't work the first time, repeat a few times. At some point, the hiccups must stop. This is the most common way to stop hiccups.
Breathing and posture techniques
Sometimes a simple change in your breathing or posture can relax your diaphragm.
1. Practice measured breathing. Disrupt your respiratory system with slow, measured breathing. Inhale for a count of five and exhale for a count of five.
2. Hold your breath. Take a deep breath and hold it for about 10 to 20 seconds, then breathe out slowly. Repeat as much as necessary.
3. Breathe in a paper bag. Place a paper lunch bag over your mouth and nose. Inhale and exhale slowly, deflate and inflate the bag. Never use a plastic bag.
4. Tighten your knees. Sit in a comfortable place. Bring your knees to your chest and hold them there for two minutes.
5. Compress your chest. Lean forward to compress your chest, which puts pressure on your diaphragm.
Pressure points are areas of your body that are particularly sensitive to pressure. Applying pressure to these points with your hands can help relax your diaphragm or stimulate your vague or phrenic nerves.
7. Pull your tongue. Pulling on the tongue stimulates the nerves and muscles in the throat. Grasp the tip of your tongue and gently pull it forward once or twice.
8. Press your diaphragm. Your diaphragm separates your abdomen from your lungs. Use your hand to apply pressure to the area just below the end of your sternum.
9. Close your nose while swallowing water.
10. Tighten your palm. Use your thumb to apply pressure to the palm of your other hand.
11. Massage your carotid artery. You have a carotid artery on both sides of your neck. This is how you feel when you check your pulse by touching your neck. Lie down, turn your head to the left and massage the artery on the right side in a circular motion for 5-10 seconds.
Things to eat or drink
Eating certain things or changing the way you drink can also help stimulate your vagus or phrenic nerves.
12. Drink ice water. Slowly sipping cold water can help stimulate the vagus nerve.
13. Drink on the other side of the glass. Tilt the glass under your chin to drink on the other side.
14. Slowly drink a glass of warm water without stopping to breathe.
15. Drink water through a cloth or paper towel. Cover a glass of cold water with a cloth or paper towel and sip through.
16. Suck on an ice cube. Suck on the ice for a few minutes, then swallow it after it has shrunk to a reasonable size.
17. Gargle with ice water. Gargle with ice water for 30 seconds. Repeat as much as necessary.
18. Eat a spoonful of honey or peanut butter. Let it dissolve a little in the mouth before swallowing.
19. Eat sugar. Put a pinch of granulated sugar on your tongue and let it sit for 5 to 10 seconds, then swallow.
20. Suck on a lemon. Some people add a little salt to their lemon slice. Rinse your mouth with water to protect your teeth from citric acid.
21. Put a drop of vinegar on your tongue.
Unusual but proven methods
You may not be familiar with these methods, but both are based on scientific case studies.
22. Have an orgasm. There is an old case study involving a man whose hiccups lasted four days. The hiccups went away immediately after the man had an orgasm.
23. Perform a rectal massage. Another case study reports that a man with ongoing hiccups found immediate relief after rectal massage. Using a rubber glove and lots of lubricant, insert a finger into the rectum and massage.
Here are some other lasting remedies that you can try.
24. Tap or rub the back of your neck. Rubbing the skin on the back of your neck can stimulate your phrenic nerve.
25. Poke the back of your throat with a cotton swab Gently dab the back of your throat with a cotton swab until you choke or cough. Your gag reflex can stimulate the vagal nerve.
26. Have fun with something engaging. Hiccups often go away on their own when you stop focusing on them. Play a video game, complete a crossword puzzle, or do calculations in your head.
When to consult a doctor
Most cases of hiccups go away within minutes or hours. If you have hiccups regularly or if you have hiccups that last more than two days, talk to your doctor.