Health : nine reasons for sore throat

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Health :

nine reasons for sore throat

cold sore throat

Bad luck or why is there a sore throat? It is this question that concerns us in this article. There are nine reasons why it hurts to swallow. The average person swallows about 50 times a minute. How are we measuring this? This is normal if you have no idea, because most people do not measure what they swallow.

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Sore throat: the most common symptom that makes you run to see the doctor

Unless you have a sore throat. If this is the case, you are painfully aware of everything you need to put in your mouth and which must go through your throat, respectively.

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According to the National Survey of Ambulatory Medical Care, throat symptoms are one of the most common reasons people will visit their doctor. They are above high blood pressure, back problems and rashes.

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The symptoms of sore throat can be acute. They appear suddenly and can last several days. Sore throats can be chronic, which means they persist for weeks or even months. In some cases, symptoms may fluctuate with time. They may let you believe they are not so painful while still coming back, says a laryngologist and assistant professor of otolaryngology at the University of Rochester Medical Center.

causes sore throat explanations

Causes of sore throat

The causes of sore throats can be confusing, even for doctors. If your symptoms persist or are severe, you should make an appointment with a primary care physician or specialist ear, nose and throat. In the meantime, we can always look at the most common causes in order to understand the source of the problem.

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Upper respiratory tract infections caused by viruses, such as colds, are the most typical cause of acute sore throat. Usually, you will start with an itchy throat or nasal congestion. Other symptoms, such as coughing, sneezing, and runny nose, may develop later.

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Some of these viruses can directly attack your throat, which can cause small ulcers on the delicate lining of your pharynx, located near your tonsils. This can trigger a burning sensation that persists even when nothing passes through your throat.

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Even if the virus does not attack the throat, it can still be irritating due to coughing or scraping of the throat. In this case, the throat will usually be painful when swallowing, if only its saliva.

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Rest, fluids, and nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs can help to overcome common cold symptoms. Then, we start feeling much better until we get rid of the sore throat problem.

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Sore throat is not a typical symptom of the flu virus, but it can still appear in the flu. As with a cold, coughing can irritate the throat and cause pain.

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One difference, however, is that a cold usually occurs gradually. The onset of the flu tends to be much more dramatic.

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It can therefore be sore throat in both cases. The flu is still more serious. When you are seizure, you can have aches, a high fever and fatigue. We can feel as if we were beaten.

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Bacterial infections

Sore throats caused by a bacterial infection, such as strep throat or tonsillitis, can be serious. Strep throat is probably best known, which accounts for only about 10% of complaints of acute sore throat in adults.

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Unlike a cold, during a bacterial infection, there is usually no sneezing, congestion or coughing with strep throat. The person has a sore throat that starts quickly and can cause a lot of pain when swallowing. Bad breath is also a common symptom during bacterial infections, as well as fever and swollen lymph nodes in the neck.

Bile throat bacterial infections

Only the physical examination can indicate a streptococcal infection. A doctor may notice an accumulation of pus in the tonsils. This signals that white blood cells are preparing to fight bacteria.

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The diagnosis is often confirmed by a rapid streptococcal test performed by the doctor. If the result is positive for streptococci, the doctor may prescribe antibiotics. But there can be no immediate improvement. The antibiotic must accumulate so that an improvement is felt by the patient.

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Mononucleosis is still known as kisses disease. Indeed, it is transmitted by saliva. It is caused by the Epstein-Barr virus and concerns mostly young men. Hardly Mono can be difficult to diagnose because it can appear quickly or gradually. Common symptoms include sore throat, fever, severe fatigue, and swelling of the neck and underarm glands. These symptoms can fluctuate and last from several weeks to several months.

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Sometimes mononucleosis may seem very similar to strep throat. If your doctor thinks it's streptococcus and gives you a certain antibiotic, the patient may have a pink rash that looks like measles. Then you have to ask the doctor to examine the throat so that it establishes the condition of the patient again. There are tests confirming mononucleosis. On the other hand, there is no cure for the virus.

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Finally, if the throat pain is really intense, a steroid can be prescribed by the doctor. The steroid will help reduce inflammation and make swallowing easier.

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The allergies

The allergies known as hay fever know the symptoms listed below. These are sneezing, watery eyes and runny nose. It feels after breathing in pollen, dust or dander. They can cause discomfort in the throat.

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The tickling or tickling sensation is usually greater than that of real pain. And this tends to be worse during the season when your allergens are most prevalent.

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Some foods may also be responsible. Signs can be so subtle that you can not even relate them to what you eat. They include sore throat, itchy mouth, or stomach problems such as cramps or diarrhea.

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If these symptoms are noticed and observed after a meal, especially after eating nuts, citrus fruits, cereals or dairy products, you should talk to your doctor. This one will do an allergy test. Food allergies can occur at any age, not just in children.

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Laryngopharyngeal reflux

Laryngopharyngeal reflux is similar to gastroesophageal reflux, with the difference that it affects the throat. This is called "silent reflux" because it often does not cause the typical symptoms that are expected, such as heartburn or sour stomach with bitter taste in the mouth.

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In laryngopharyngeal reflux, the digestive acids or juices come up from the stomach. Then they cross the esophagus and head for the throat or voice box. Finally, they irritate delicate tissues. Even very small amounts can cause a lot of irritation.

laryngopharyngeal reflux sore throat

The stomach and esophagus have protective mechanisms that help neutralize acids, but the throat does not have these protective mechanisms. As a result, sore throat is felt or one's voice is hoarse, both of which are often more severe in the morning. You can also have a dry cough. A constant need to clear your throat is created. There is also the feeling of having a lump or a piece of food in your throat. And these symptoms can fluctuate with time.

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To check if it is laryngopharyngeal reflux, the doctor will make an examination to check the pH or the amount of digestive enzymes in the throat. Treatment includes antacids or gastric acid reducers. Eating a low fat and less spicy diet and avoiding alcohol and caffeine can also help.

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Dry air

Winter brings dry air that can wreak havoc in the throat. Forced-air heating removes much of the moisture from the air at home. This can make it more irritating when inspired.

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If you breathe with nasal congestion or just open your mouth all night when you sleep, the risk becomes even greater. The nose acts as a humidifier, transmitting the moisture to the air that is aspirated before sending it to the throat and lungs.

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If one does not breathe through the nose, the dry air that one breathes through one's mouth tends to irritate the throat and dry it up more. This causes a rough, irritated throat, especially when you wake up. It is therefore necessary to strengthen the hydration of the mouth. Drinking more water a day can help keep your mouth and throat moist while you sleep.

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Muscular Fatique

Screaming at the unfortunate referees at a football game or for any other reason may cause the vote to be lost. However, one can also feel throat pain by simply using the throat muscles in the wrong way. This is the case for some people who start a new job. The latter forces them to speak in another way.

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This is often the case for those who are now responsible for making frequent presentations. But also for those who have to use their voice often during the day, such as teachers or performers.

muscle tension

Developing a new way of speaking will end up using too many muscles or extra muscles to produce the sound. As a result, chronic throat pain can develop.

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Muscle tensions are usually diagnosed by a voice specialist or a vocalist. But the attending physician will want to rule out other more serious causes of throat pain before coming to this conclusion. It can usually be treated with voice therapy.

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Tumors of the throat

It is unfortunately possible to develop cancer in parts of your upper throat, lower throat or voice box. Guys in their forties can be diagnosed, but it is much more common among men in their fifties, sixties or even later. It is also generally related to smoking or drinking.

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The causes of concern are: sore throat or persistent throat pain, hoarseness that does not improve within 2 weeks, difficulty swallowing food or saliva, weight loss, difficulty breathing, or coughing up blood. Usually, a tumor or cancer causes a mild and subtle sore throat. It never goes away and only gets worse over time.

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If these symptoms are not foreign to you, it is important to make an appointment with your doctor. Some primary care physicians may want to give you a CT scan, but it may be best to ask to see a doctor first for the ears, nose and throat.

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The latter can do laryngoscopy. A flexible telescope with a camera passes through the nose, allowing the doctor to look at the throat or voice box for signs of cancer. It's often more efficient and less expensive than a scanner - and it does not expose it to radiation.

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Some practical tips

Nothing beats the opinion of the medical specialist. Even the simple discomfort should not be left alone. Yes, many problems go by themselves with time. Why not still be examined by the doctor? Prevention is better than cure, is not it?

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