Health : the right actions to protect fragile people
For a few years now, France and the European territory in general have been facing strong waves of scorching heat every summer. And according to forecasts from meteorological experts, this phenomenon should intensify and become more widespread in the years to come. It is therefore important to prepare well, especially if you live with fragile people or if you are one yourself. Discover in this article our advice to protect yourself from the heat wave.
Keep your home as fresh as possible
Don't let the heat in
To protect yourself from the harmful effects of the heat wave, the first thing to do is to keep your accommodation as cool as possible. To do this, it is recommended to close your doors and windows during the day and only open them very early in the morning or at nightfall. The goal is to prevent the indoor temperature from rising too much during the day.
Use dedicated equipment to refresh your interior
To help you maintain a certain freshness in your accommodation, you can obviously use an air conditioner. However, this solution has the disadvantage of consuming a lot of electricity.
If you are looking for an alternative that can refresh your interior without impacting your energy bill too much, opt for an air blower. There are many models on the market today, including Dyson fans among others. Of very high quality and very design, the fans of this household appliance giant are devoid of sharp blades, they are not very noisy and come with a remote control. You can compare all kinds of equipment intended to cool the air in order to find the most suitable product for your interior.
Limit travel during the hottest periods
It is essential to do not exit during the hottest hours of the day, i.e. between 11 a.m. and 4 p.m. If you can not help it, protect yourself well from the sun by wearing a headgear, as well as loose clothing and light colors.
Refresh your body regularly
To help your body cope with the heat, remember to take baths or showers with fresh water regularly. You can also use a mist sprayer to easily cool your face, arms and chest. If you have young children or for an elderly person, you can spend a wet washcloth on their face to refresh them. Just leave the little ones in diapers when you're indoors and when they're sleeping.
Meet in an air-conditioned place
If despite all your precautions, the temperature inside your accommodation seems unbearable, go to an air-conditioned place such as a shopping center for example, a cinema or even a public library. In any case, pay attention to don't make too much physical effort especially if you’re elderly or have a chronic illness.
Drink enough water
The rule of thumb during a heat wave is to drink water regularly to avoid dehydration. Generally, it is advisable to drink 1.5 liters of water per day. But in hot weather, it is better to drink more because the body sweats more and therefore loses more water. Prefer still or sparkling water. Drink at least every two hours and do not wait until you are thirsty to drink: if you are thirsty or have a dry mouth, it means that you are already dehydrated.
Avoid drinks that speed up dehydration
During the heat wave, certain drinks are to be avoided because they promote dehydration. This is particularly the case for sugary drinks (sodas) as well as those with a high theine or caffeine content. Similarly, alcoholic beverages are also prohibited.
What about food?
In addition to good hydration, you must also eat properly. Without waiting to be hungry: choose light and fresh foods like fruits and vegetables.
Get closer to your doctor if you have a chronic illness
Readjust your treatment if necessary
During a heat wave, it is vital not to take any medication without the approval of your doctor. Doctors can reassess the value of prescribed treatments because certain drugs can increase the danger of hot weather (hot flash, dehydration, etc.).
Anyway, avoid taking paracetamol or aspirin to treat headaches or fever because these drugs can interfere with the body's adaptation to heat.
Store your medications properly
To prevent your medicines from degrading and becoming dangerous, you must take care to store them properly. If it says on their boxes that they should be stored between 2 and 8 ° C, put them in the fridge and minimize their exposure to the sun when you need to take them. If you must transport them, use a refrigerated insulated container. If it is stated that your medicines should be stored below 25 or 30 ° C, you can leave them in their usual place.
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Actions recommended during a heat wave
If you are a vulnerable person (elderly or chronically ill) and living alone, consider:
- Giving new regularly to your relatives or acquaintances.
- Ask for help from those around you when you feel the heat bothers you.
- Temporarily move in with a family member or friend if your accommodation is not adapted to the heat. If no one can accommodate you, ask your municipality if it has structures dedicated to this effect.
- Register with your town hall who will thus be able to identify and locate you as an isolated person, who may find himself in a difficult situation in the event of a heat wave. This will facilitate the actions of social services if necessary.
- Call the emergency services in case of an incident related to hot weather. As a reminder, you must dial 118 to call the fire department and 115 for the Samu. You can also call 112 if you are on European territory.