Health : What to do in the event of an insect bite?
In summer, we are often faced with various insect bites. This week we give you some tips on how to proceed in such a situation. Below, useful advice according to the symptoms and a homemade soothing cream recipe to apply after bites.
Not all insect bites or stings are the same, therefore a different approach is needed to provide first aid and treatment depending on the type of insect that caused the bite or sting.
What to do in the event of an insect bite?
Some types of insects can cause more damage to health than others. There are people with allergies who increase the risk of a serious reaction.
Mild symptoms after an insect bite
Almost everyone has been bitten or stung by an insect. Whether a person has been attacked by a mosquito, fly, bee, wasp, ant or other insects, insect bites usually cause a mild reaction. The body reacts to poison or other substances that insects insert into the human body. Usually, this can cause symptoms at the bite or sting site, such as:
More serious symptoms after an insect bite
The severity of symptoms can vary depending on the type of insect that caused the bite or sting. Some people also develop a severe allergic reaction to insect bites. Allergies to bees and wasps are particularly common. A severe allergic reaction can cause:
- Abdominal cramps;
- Nausea and vomiting;
- Swelling of the face, lips or throat;
- Respiratory problems;
- A state of shock
Warning ! If someone starts to experience these symptoms soon after an insect bite or sting, it is important to call 112. A serious allergic reaction that affects many parts of the body is called anaphylaxis. This condition can be fatal if not treated in a timely manner.
The right actions to practice in case of bites
If the affected person does not show signs of a serious reaction, treatment should be directed to the site of the bite if symptoms such as:
Remove the insect from the skin
If the insect bite is still in the victim’s skin, it should be removed, carefully ning the skin with a flat object, for example, a credit card. It is good to avoid using tweezers to remove the bite, as squeezing it can release more poison.
Cleanse the skin
The bite area should be washed with soap and water.
Reduce pain and swelling
A cold compress can be placed on the area for about 10 minutes, to reduce pain and swelling.
Relieve itching and pain
Helping you can also be applying calamine lotion or a mixture of baking soda and water to the area several times a day to relieve the itching and pain. Calamine lotion is a type of antihistamine cream.
What to do in case of bites and a severe reaction
Some people may experience an allergic reaction with more or less serious consequences following insect bites. In this case, it is necessary to follow the steps for emergency treatment. Urgent treatment for severe allergic reactions includes:
- Get help and call 112 immediately.
- During anaphylactic shock, epinephrine (adrenaline) should be injected subcutaneously. People who know they are allergic can wear ampoules with epinephrine, it is important to have help using it according to the label directions.
- The injured person should remain calm, lie down with their legs raised and be still.
- If the victim is unconscious and stops breathing, it is important to start cardiopulmonary resuscitation (CPR), which should continue until medical attention has arrived.
- In order not to deteriorate the condition of the person, it is not good to apply a tourniquet. In addition, giving food or drink to the person with an allergy to stings should be avoided.
How to make a soothing skin cream to apply after an insect bite
Another way to treat a mild insect bite is to make your own soothing skin cream. Here is a diy recipe made with natural ingredients:
- Calendula – Not only is calendula oil super soothing, it’s also a major anti-inflammatory that has been used for centuries to treat open wounds that don’t seem to heal.
- Tea Tree Oil – Tea tree essential oil is known for its pain relieving, swelling, and anti-itch properties. It’s also antibacterial and antifungal so it should help keep those annoying insect bites from getting infected.
- Lavender Oil – Lavender has soothing qualities that provide relief from the pain and itchiness of bites.
- Beeswax – provides healing properties as well as moisture and texture benefits for the balm
- Shea Butter – contains several moisturizers and has a high content of vitamin A
- Avocado oil – moisturizes the skin and reduces age spots
- Lavender and tea tree essential oil – antiseptic, antiviral, antifungal and antibacterial properties
How to prepare your skin soothing cream with natural ingredients
Here is the list of materials and instructions for making your homemade soothing cream.
- 2 tablespoons of pure shea butter
- 2 tablespoons of avocado oil
- 30 gr of pure beeswax
- 1/4 tsp. calendula oil
- 5-10 drops of lavender oil
- 5-10 drops of tea tree oil
In a small saucepan, melt the shea butter, avocado oil and beeswax. Stir well.
Remove from the heat and stir in the calendula, lavender and trea tea oil. Let cool slightly, then pour into small jars or containers of lip balm. Makes 5 ounces of balm.
And, to avoid nasty stings, find out how to make your homemade repellant.