Ovarian cyst: symptoms that need to be consulted
What is an ovarian cyst?
As the name suggests, the ovarian cyst develops in the region of the ovaries. According to specialists, about 5% of women will develop an ovarian cyst during their lifetime. In reality, there are two kinds of ovarian cysts:
- Functional ovarian cysts
Good news: Functional ovarian cysts are always benign - they are also the most common. " Most often they result from hormonal disorderssays Dr. Nadia Berkane, a gynecologist-obstetrician. The follicles of the ovary (which normally grow and open to let out theovum at the time of theovulation) grow abnormally to a diameter of 3 centimeters or more. "
Visible on ultrasound, they usually disappear spontaneously at the end of the menstrual cycle. " When these functional cysts are painful, the gynecologist can set up a control of the menstrual cycle, for example using a contraceptive pill "adds the specialist.
- Organic ovarian cysts
Often mild, organic ovarian cysts can also be "bordeline" or cancerous. " When the organic ovarian cyst is benign, it is usually a small tumor filled with clear fluid or serous fluid that develops in the ovarian tissue "develops Dr. Berkane.
In the "family" of organic ovarian cysts, we also find the cysts of endometriosis (which we call "endometriomas" and which are filled with old blood) or the dermoid cysts (which can contain hair, hair. .. or even teeth!). " These cysts can become malignant, that is to say cancerize "says the gynecologist.
To know : about 5% of organic cysts found before menopause and 15% of organic cysts found after menopause are malignant.
What are the symptoms of an ovarian cyst?
In case of ovarian cyst, the symptoms that should prompt you to make an appointment with your doctor or your gynecologist are:
- A pain in the lower abdomen (more or less bearable) on one side - we talk about lateralized pain,
- A feeling of "heaviness" in the lower abdomen,
- " If the pain is really violent and acute, at the level of the lower abdomen and on one side, it may be an appendix twist: it is a surgical emergency, you have to go to the hospital! "says Dr. Berkane,
- An inflated belly, as in case of bloating: " this symptom, associated with lateralized pain, may reveal the presence of a cancerous cyst "adds the specialist,
- Possibly urinary disorders (in case of compression of the bladder) or constipation (in case of compression of the rectum).
It's good to know : the symptoms of ovarian cancer include abdominal pain in the lower abdomen, bloating, intestinal disorders, an impression of "swelling" of the lower abdomen, urinary disorders, small vaginal bleeding, back pain as well that persistent fatigue. (Source: National League Against Cancer)
One last info? " During the first trimester of pregnancy in pregnant women, it is not uncommon to observe a small, benign cyst in the ovarian region explains the gynecologist Message received!
Thanks to Dr. Nadia Berkane, obstetrician-gynecologist at Geneva University Hospitals (Switzerland) and co-author of Pregnant, what if we said everything? (Eyrolles ed.)
Read also :
⋙ What you need to know about pilonidal cyst
⋙ Sebaceous cyst: when should it be removed?
⋙ Ovarian cyst: a benign but painful disease