Scurvy: what you need to know about this disease and its return to France
Scurvy, a centuries-old disease, is making a comeback in developed countries. In France, several cases were detected in Limoges then more recently in Nice (06), reports last August 19th nice morning.
The pathology seems to be also present across the Atlantic. "We diagnosed our first case five or six years ago. This initial case was sent to us by the hospital and was impressive to say the least: the person ate only cheese and bread. "explains to Science Alert the Dr. Eric Churchill, a physician in Springfield, Massachusetts. "Since then we have diagnosed something like 20 or 30 cases."
Scurvy: cause and symptoms
The cause of scurvy? Bad eating habits The pathology occurs in case of very important vitamin C deficiency, found in fruits such as citrus, and vegetables. It has an important role in the immune system since it allows collagen to maintain its structure. Without it, tissues such as blood vessels lose their cohesion.
Scurvy is also referred to as "seamen's disease". In the seventeenth century, those who sailed for long periods were affected by the disease, lack of fresh produce available.
The symptoms of scurvy are:
- bleeding gums
- teeth that rot and come off
- hair loss
- intense fatigue
- general slimming
- Edema at the limb level
Why is this disease back?
If seafarers at the time established a link between citrus consumption and better health, in 2018, Dr. Eric Churchill indicates that scurvy returns and affects more widely urban dwellers in developed countries, proof that the population does not do not eat enough fruits and vegetables.
"Many people in financial difficulty tend to opt for foods high in fat, calories and appetite suppressants. If you have money problems, you buy the most nutritious foods possible, which immediately excludes fruits and vegetables. "
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